Philippe Du-Plessis Mornay (1549–1623), widely regarded as the author of Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos, by 'Junius Brutus', an early Calvinist defence of civil rebellion, published in Basle in 1579
It is widely believed even amongst Reformed people that Calvin was mistaken in including the part that I have underlined among the duties of the civil magistrate. The state should not try to protect the profession of the faith, (as Calvin thought) but (instead) provide a public square in which any religion and none may or may not peaceably flourish. Calvin was a stranger to freedom of worship and toleration, as he was to a universal electoral franchise. He interpreted Paul’s words to Timothy ‘that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty’ rather more strongly than most Christians today would interpret it. But nothing (I think) turns on this in what follows.
Next time, a look at the Contra Tyrannos